AVENARY, HANOCH (formerly Herbert Loewenstein; 1908–1994), musicologist. Born in Danzig, he immigrated to Palestine in 1936. He studied musicology, literature, and art history at the universities of Leipzig, Munich, Frankfurt, and Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad). His musicological work centered on the history of Jewish music from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. After serving as a major in the research department of the Israeli Air Force from 1948 to 1965, he became a lecturer and research fellow at the Hebrew University (1965–72) and senior lecturer at Tel Aviv University. He was appointed professor in 1972 and was a guest professor in Vienna (1973) and Heidelberg (1982–83). In 1994 he received the Israel Prize for his achievements in Jewish music research. His scientific editions include Il primo libro delle canzonette (1975) and Il secondo libro de madrigali (1989) of S. Rossi. His publications include Wort und Ton bei Oswald von Wolkenstein (1932); Formal Structure of Psalms and Canticles in Early Jewish and Christian Chant (1953); Studies in the Hebrew, Syrian and Greek Liturgical Recitative (1963); The Cantorial Fantasia of the 18th and 19th Centuries (1968); The Ashkenazi Tradition of Biblical Chant between 1500 and 1900 (1978); Encounters of East and West in Music (1979); Kantor Salomon Sulzer und seine Zeit: Eine Dukumentation (1985); The Aspects of Time and Environment in Jewish Traditional Music (1987); and several articles on Jewish music for encyclopedias, including Juedische Musik in MGG VII (1957) and the section on music (from the Middle Ages to the present) in the Encyclopedia Judaica. His personal archive is at the JNUL Music Department. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Grove online; MGG2. (Gila Flam and Israela Stein (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Avenary —   [ ri], Hanoch, eigentlich Herbert Loewenstein, israelischer Musikforscher, * Danzig 25. 5. 1908; wanderte 1936 nach Palästina aus und wurde Professor für Musikwissenschaft der Universität Tel Aviv Jaffa; Veröffentlichungen v. a. über… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • MUSIC — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction written sources of direct and circumstantial evidence the material relics and iconography notated sources oral tradition archives and important collections of jewish music… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAZZAN — (pl. Ḥazzanim) (Heb. חַזָּנִים ,חַזָּן), cantor officiating in a synagogue; used in this specific sense since the Middle Ages. History of Role and Function The word frequently occurs in talmudic sources, where it denotes various types of communal …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IBN ABĪ AL-SALT° — (Umayya Ibn ʿAbd al [b]ʿAzīz[/b]; 1068–1134), Muslim musician and student of the exact sciences. He was born in Andalusia and died in Mahdiyya (Tunisia). His writings were influential among the Jews of Spain as shown both by quotations and by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MI-SINAI NIGGUNIM — (Heb. Yid. נִגּוּנִים, נִגּוּנֵי מִסִּינַי Melodies from Mt. Sinai ), Hebrew term for a traditional group of cantorial melodies sung in the Ashkenazi synagogues of both East and West European rite and regarded as obligatory, and for which no… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALEINU LE-SHABBE'AḤ — (Heb. עָלֵינוּ לְשַׁבֵּחַ; It is our duty to praise (the Lord of all things) ), prayer now recited at the conclusion of the statutory services. Originally it introduced the malkhuyyot section of the Rosh Ha Shanah additional service in which the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AMIDAH — (Heb. עֲמִידָה; standing ), the core and main element of each of the prescribed daily services. In talmudic sources it is known as Ha Tefillah ( The Prayer par excellence). As its name indicates, the Amidah must be recited standing. Other names… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AVODAH — (Heb. עֲבוֹדָה; literally service ), name for temple ritual, applied to the central part of the Musaf liturgy on the day of atonement . This poetically recounts the sacrificial ritual in the Temple on the Day of Atonement. The ritual, based on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SHTAYGER — (Yid. mode , manner ), term designating the musical modes of a traditional Ashkenazi synagogue song, characterized by an order of intervals which is unusual in European music. The shtayger are named after the initial words of certain prayers sung …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Passover Seder — Table set for the Passover Seder. The Passover Seder (Hebrew: סֵדֶר‎ [ˈsedeʁ], order, arrangement ; Yiddish: Seyder) is a Jewish ritual feast that marks the beginning of the Jewish holiday of Passover. It is conducted on the evenings of the 14th… …   Wikipedia

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